“The Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Industries in Ohio are on the verge of considerable success. One piece of the puzzle that will help push us over the top is a united voice for the fuel cell and hydrogen industries. The FCHEA provides Ohio, the rest of the country—and the Industry-- with that voice through advocacy, support and a united front.”
Ohio Fuel Cell Coalition
“Now, more than ever, the fuel cell and hydrogen energy industries need to speak in one powerful voice. FCHEA's efforts have been exceptional in creating a compelling platform to advance industry initiatives on Capitol Hill and within the States”
PhD, Executive Director,
South Carolina Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Alliance
“By providing clean, efficient and continuous base-load energy for buildings and enabling zero-emission transportation, fuel cells have become a proven and crucial component of the clean energy network. We are extremely grateful for the important work FCHEA is doing to raise the profile of these game-changing energy technologies for the marketplace, policy makers, key decision-makers and the general public.”
Vice President,Government Affairs, and General Counsel,
"FCHEA's efforts are providing great help in moving Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles to a new level of market acceptance in a way one individual automaker could not."
"FCHEA brings a strong, united voice about fuel cells and hydrogen to a national audience. We look forward to working closely with FCHEA staff and members to advance the commercialization of fuel cells in the United States."
California Fuel Cell Partnership
"FCHEA is an important conduit for informing and educating government leaders and the public about the impact hydrogen is making today as well as significant technology advances, and hydrogen’s role in solving the clean energy issue for all future generations."
Global Business Director,
Hydrogen Energy Systems at Air Products
“Plug Power greatly appreciates the importance of FCHEA in advancing hydrogen fuel cell solutions in commercial applications. It is the visionary collaboration of the partnership that provides a strong foundation for today’s advanced technology to prove out value, viability and reliability in key markets. Industry pioneers, like FCHEA, will ensure a path to a future that includes hydrogen and fuel cells as core to the clean energy network”
"Solar and wind are good technologies, but they do not address the total customer need for continuous power as fuel cells and hydrogen energy do . Many customers require a more dependable base-load, energy efficient solution that works around the clock, and in a smaller footprint. ClearEdge Power fuel cells provide exactly that solution, and the FCHEA helps us to inform and educate customers and policymakers about the many benefits of fuel cells and hydrogen energy."
President & CEO
Types of Fuel Cells
Fuel cells types are determined by their electrolyte. Different electrolytes define the specific properties of a fuel cell, like fuel type, temperature or efficiency. There are benefits to each type of fuel cell, enabling applications of all sorts.
● Proton Exchange Membrane or Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC)
A membrane separates the anode and cathode serving as both the electrolyte and a catalyzer for the conduction of protons. PEMFCs can use hydrogen gas or some alcohols such as ethanol or methanol as fuels. This type of fuel cell runs at low temperatures, under 200 degrees Fahrenheit and has a wide variety of applications, including automotive vehicles (including busses and forklifts), unpiloted military vehicles, residential primary or backup power, portable charging for electronics (laptops, cell phones), and distributed generation power plants.
● Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC)
DMFCs are a specific type of PEMFC. They operate on pure methanol (CH3OH) combined with steam as a fuel. DMFCs run at low temperatures between 85 and 200 degrees Fahrenheit. Using a liquid fuel and operating at low temperatures makes them best suited for powering portable electronics and micro power applications. Examples include cell phones, laptops, and portable battery rechargers.
● Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC)
The electrolyte in a SOFC is a solid, ceramic compound of metal oxides. SOFCs operate at temperatures up to 1832 degrees Fahrenheit, making it an ideal candidate for combined heat and power (CHP) or combined cycle electrical generation. In systems where the waste heat is captured and used, the system efficiencies can be over 85%. SOFCs can reform hydrocarbon fuels internally, enabling a wider variety of fuels to be used and reducing the amount of activity prior to electrical generation. SOFCs are currently being used for stationary applications. SOFCs have also been applied to use in military transportation vehicles and truck APUs.
● Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC)
The electrolyte used in PAFCs is liquid phosphoric acid. PAFCs operate at temperatures of 300-400 degrees Fahrenheit. The fuel used in PAFCs is hydrogen which must be reformed outside of the fuel cell. Electrical generating efficiencies range between 37 and 42% but when used as a CHP system, the efficiencies increase to 90%. Applications of PAFCs include buses and stationary power generation.
● Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC)
In a MCFC, molten lithium-potassium carbonate salts are used for the electrolyte. These salts are heated to 1200 degrees Fahrenheit where they melt into a molten state inside the fuel cell. Since MCFCs operate at high temperatures, they do not have a need for outside fuel reforming. This means they can use fuels such as natural gas directly. Efficiencies average 50% for fuel to electricity generation from the fuel cell alone. The MCFC can be combined with a steam turbine to create more electricity increasing efficiency to 65% and can be increased up to 85% when used as a CHP device. MCFCs are best applied to large-scale stationary CHP applications.
● Alkaline Fuel Cell (AFC)
These fuel cells use a solution of potassium hydroxide in water as the electrolyte. High temperature AFCs operate at temperatures between 100 and 250 degrees Celsius but through advancements in technology, some AFCs can operate at temperatures between 23 and 70 degrees Celsius. AFCs require pure hydrogen and pure oxygen as the reactants due to possible CO2 pollution that could affect the cell’s operation. Although they require pure inputs of fuel, AFCs operate at efficiencies of nearly 60%. These fuel cells have mostly been used in remote locations, like in underwater vehicle and in outer space.
● Other Fuel Cells
Recent advancements in the fuel cell industry have produced other types of fuel cells that are relatively new to the family of fuel cells. For instance, a Regenerative Fuel Cell contains a membrane that can produce electricity and steam like other fuel cells, but can also work in reverse and use electricity to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. Regenerative fuel cells can be used in combination with solar or wind power to utilize excess electricity. The excess electricity can be used in the regenerative fuel cell to produce hydrogen which can be stored and later power the fuel cell, or used as fuel for a fuel cell electric vehicle.
|Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting (AMR)|
|May 13-17, 2013 | Washington, DC||16th Annual Congressional Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency EXPO + Forum|
|Wednesday - June 12 9:30 am - 4:30 pm | Washington, DC||Hydrogen + Fuel Cells 2013 (HFC2013)|
|June 16-19, 2013 | Vancouver, British Columbia||Alternative Clean Transportation 2013 (ACTEXPO 2013)
|June 24-27, 2013 | Washington, D.C.||5th International Conference on Hydrogen Safety (ICHS2013)|
|September 9 - 11, 2013 | Brussels, Belgium||World Hydrogen Technologies Convention (WHTC)|
|September 25 - 28, 2013 | Shanghai, China||2013 Fuel Cell Seminar & Energy Exposition|
|October 21-24, 2013 | Ohio||Electric Vehicle Symposium|
|November 17 - 20, 2013 | Spain|